A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can leave a victim with permanent or even fatal brain damage. If you or somebody close to you suffered at TBI in a California accident, contact an seasoned California Personal Injury Lawyer.
Contact a TBI lawyer at Maison Law as soon as you can to arrange for a consultation and case review.
Common Causes of TBIs
As per the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) a TBI is a disruption in the normal function of the brain. A TBI might be caused by a blow, bump or jolt to the head, coming into contact with an object at a high speed or an object piercing the skull and entering brain tissue.
Alteration of Normal Brain Function
Should a doctor observe one or more of the following signs, it can be determined that there has been an alteration of normal brain function:
- A decrease of consciousness or loss thereof.
- Loss of memory before or after an event.
- Muscle weakness, loss of vision, cognitive difficulty or other neurological deficits.
- Disorientation, slow speech or other signs of an altered mental state.
Common Causes of TBIs
In the context of fatalities, the AANS reports that the leading causes of TBI-related accidental deaths in the United States are motor vehicle accidents and falls. For non-fatal TBIs, the two leading causes are reversed. They’re falls and motor vehicle accidents. Some other causes might be attributed to falling objects, a victim striking his or her head against an object, sports injuries and medical negligence.
Types of TBIs
TBIs are often described as open or closed. With an open TBI, the scalp is cut, and the skull might be exposed or penetrated. Closed head injuries can be equally as serious, but there is no open wound. Here are some of the more common types of TBIs:
- Hematoma: Bleeding might occur outside or inside of the brain. A hematoma is a blood clot. Dangerous pressure can build up in the skull when a hematoma is present.
- Hemorrhage: This involves uncontrolled bleeding inside or around the brain. There are immediate and emergent concerns about blood loss and pressure building up from a hemorrhage.
- Concussion: As per the S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a concussion occurs when the brain moves rapidly inside of the skull and hits the inner walls of the skull. Chemical changes to the brain result. The brain might even suffer a dangerous twisting injury and damage brain cells that’s known as a diffuse axonal injury.
- Skull Fracture: Any skull fracture can lead to a severe brain injury, especially if the skull has been penetrated, or bone fragments penetrate the brain.
Diagnosing a TBI
An attending physician will begin by asking about the circumstances surrounding the injury and evaluating the patient’s mental alertness. If a closed head injury is suspected, any signs of trauma like a bump, bruising and swelling will be noted. Then, a neurological exam will be performed. A CT scan will likely be performed after that. It will help show any evidence of bleeding, clotting, swelling or structural damage. An MRI scan that shows more detailed images of the brain will likely also be ordered.
After an examination, a patient might be sent home to rest. He or she should stay away from non-steroidal anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen or aspirin. If there is undetected bleeding, they might make it worse. Patients must follow all of their doctor’s instructions, especially if they’re to be awakened every two hours at night. Any prescription medications must be taken on a timely basis. In some cases, patients are put into a temporary drug induced coma. In such a state, the brain doesn’t require as much blood and nutrients. Many severe TBIs require surgery in efforts to prevent further brain damage. Likely reasons would be for treatment of hemorrhaging, the removal of a blood clot, reducing pressure on the skull by creating a window, removing bone fragments or foreign matter or to repair the skull.
After TBI surgery, rehabilitation will be needed. The type and duration of rehab varies from patient to patient and injury to injury. A team approach to rehab might be implemented, and it could be years before a patient reaches maximum medical improvement.
Contact a California Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer Today.
TBIs can be minor, or they could be lifelong or even fatal. At Maison Law, we understand that a TBI can affect a victim’s quality of life and ability to make a living. If you or somebody close to you suffered any type of a traumatic brain injury as a result of the carelessness and negligence of somebody else, you might be eligible for compensation for your injuries and damages. It doesn’t cost a penny to retain us to represent you. Find out more by contacting our TBI lawyer as soon as possible about that free consultation and case review.